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Introduction to Payment Processing Policy

A state check is called a warrant because the State Treasury guarantees payment. The Comptroller’s office promises or warrants that funds will be available when the warrant is presented for payment.

In Texas Government Code, Section 403.060, the Texas Legislature authorized the Comptroller’s office to print warrants from State Treasury funds on behalf of all state agencies and institutions of higher education.

The Payment Services section in the Fiscal Management Division oversees the printing, sorting and distribution of warrants. Except for Payment Distribution, warrants issued from the nightly business cycle are available by 8 a.m. the next day. Agencies are responsible for the distribution of warrants to their payees.

Note: The Warrant Hold requirements can be found under the Warrant Hold tab.


In Texas Government Code, Section 404.046, state warrants become void on Aug. 31 two fiscal years following the fiscal year they were issued with two exceptions:

Special Handling

Two categories of exception warrants require special handling:

To request special handling, agencies enter the appropriate Payment Distribution Type (PDT) in the PDT field in USAS during transaction entry.

Please see USAS Reference for the complete listing of Warrant Sort Keys and Distribution.

Warrant Cancellation

When needed, the paying agency must cancel the warrants they issue. See Treasury Operations’ Web Warrant Inquiry and Cancellation System under this tab.

If a warrant is lost in the mail, the payee should contact the paying agency so that agency can cancel the lost warrant and issue a replacement warrant according to Texas Government Code, Section 403.054.